Migraine

San Francisco Neurology and Sleep Center

Sleep Lab located in Chinatown, San Francisco, CA

Migraine affects an estimated 39 million Americans. More than just a bad headache, migraine is a neurological disease that can be severely debilitating if left untreated. If you suffer from chronic migraine, find relief at San Francisco Neurology and Sleep Center Joy Meng, MD, and her team proudly offer top-quality migraine diagnosis and care for patients in Chinatown, San Francisco. Call San Francisco Neurology and Sleep Center today to book an appointment.

Migraine Q & A

What is a migraine?

A migraine is a severe headache, often strongest on one side of your head. Migraine causes head pain, but can also bring nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine can affect children, teens, and adults. 

Migraine attacks can last anywhere from a few hours to multiple days. People with chronic migraine incidents typically experience more than 15 migraine episodes per month. Without treatment, migraine can impact your ability to participate in daily life.

What are the symptoms of migraine headaches?

Symptoms of migraine headaches can vary from person to person. Some people experience symptoms up to two days before the headache pain begins. These symptoms can include:

  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent yawning
  • Constipation
  • Mood changes

Migraine headaches often feel like throbbing, pulsing pain. You may be sensitive to light, sound, smell or touch. Some migraine attacks are so severe that they cause nausea and vomiting. 

Some people experience headache auras, or visual disturbances before or during a migraine attack. Auras can appear like holes, bright spots, or flashes of light in the vision. 

After a migraine, many people are drained. Recovery can take up to a day, and sometimes, quickly moving your head can cause a wave of pain to return. 

What causes migraine?

Migraine often develops as a result of environmental or genetic triggers. Some common environmental triggers that can cause migraine include:

  • Weather changes
  • Bright lights or loud sounds
  • Medication
  • Certain foods and drinks, like cheeses or coffee

Internal triggers of migraine can include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Intense physical activity

What are my treatment options?

If you suffer from chronic migraine, treatment is available. Medications can be used to relieve pain during migraine attacks and even prevent them in the future. There are many over-the-counter medications to relieve pain, and prescription medications can block pain signals during a migraine attack to relieve symptoms. 

Preventive treatments are a good option for patients who experience chronic migraine headaches that don’t respond to other treatment methods. Blood pressure medications and antidepressants have been shown to help prevent migraine attacks. Botox® is an injectable treatment that’s FDA-approved to prevent chronic migraine pain.

If frequent migraine attacks interfere with your daily life, it’s time to find a treatment that works for you. Make a migraine appointment at San Francisco Neurology and Sleep Center, Inc. in San Francisco by phone or online today.